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EURINT  

e-ISSN 2393-2384 | | ISSN-L 2392-8867

 

WIDENING KNOWLEDGE FOR A MORE RESILIENT EUROPEAN UNION


Ramona ȚIGĂNAȘU,  Cristian INCALȚĂRĂU, Ciprian ALUPULUI (editors)

Volume 10 | 2023

 
COMMON DYNAMICS IN THE EU INTEGRATION PATH OF THE WESTERN BALKANS

Jubjana VILA  


Abstract: The European Union's role in the region and in the world is changing rapidly due to several internal dynamics and external crises and challenges. EU's project of integration remains a role model for peace and stability in the region and beyond. The EU Integration has emerged as a shared key priority for the EU institutions and Western Balkan countries that are in different trajectories of the accession process due to several dynamics and developments within the Western Balkan countries, regional dynamics, and enlargement skepticism among EU member states. While a comprehensive academic thinking exists about the EU's enlargement policy at its approach to this region, this study aims to understand the internal/regional dynamics in the EU integration path of Western Balkan countries through an overview of their history of integration as well as the EC Progress Reports (2022) for each country. It combines theoretical and empirical knowledge to offer a descriptive analysis of internal and regional dynamics in the Western Balkans affecting their EU integration paths.

Keywords: EU integration, Western Balkans, member states,

Pages: 11-22 | Full text (PDF)

THE LOGIC OF EU NORMATIVE POWER IN THE WESTERN BALKANS

Reina Zenelaj SHEHI, Ingrit MELANI


Abstract: This research focuses on comprehending the political logic behind how the EU's normative power is manifested in its engagements within the region. It's evident that numerous studies emphasize the dual role of EU conditionality in the membership criteria for Western Balkan countries, illustrating both normative unity in foreign policy and a complex interaction between interests and norm adaptation. This highlights the intricate nature of the EU's approach in the Western Balkans. The study is grounded in the semi - realist perspective, which argues that democracy norm promotion and peace building constitutes a relevant, but secondary foreign policy aim. It aligns with scholars from various viewpoints who suggest that EU democracy promotion is more strategically motivated for enhancing national security rather than strict ideational diffusion. Instead of a Kantian cosmopolitan approach, the EU's normative power is seen resembling Hobbesian normative homogenization. We argue that striving for a normatively homogenous Europe through ideational diffusion yields varied outcomes in different regions due to distinct structural conditions and institutional practices  qualitative methodology, we delve into the achievements and limits of EU normative power in the Western Balkans . The study concludes that normative ideational diffusion rarely results in uniform outcomes even within the region. Thus, during times of crisis and ongoing multidimensional challenges, resilience as norm diversity rather than normative homogenization offers more effective political power implications.

Keywords: European Union, normative power, regionalism, Western Balkan,

Pages: 23-41 | Full text (PDF)

BEYOND THE BALLOT BOX: THE MEANING AND SUBSTANCE OF DEMOCRACY

Alban RELI

Abstract: This paper seeks to make a theoretical contribution to the concept of democracy. The conceptualization of democracy is a widely linked with periodic elections that allow citizens to choose their leaders. However, this paper argues that democracy is more than just a matter of holding elections every few years. This narrow definition overlooks the substance and meaning of democracy, which encompasses a broad range of values and principles beyond the mere act of voting.  In particular, the paper highlights three key dimensions of democracy that are critical for its meaningfulness: (1) participation and empowerment, (2) transparency and accountability, and (3) deliberation and collaboration. Through a review of existing literature, the paper demonstrates that these dimensions are interrelated and mutually reinforcing, and contribute to a more robust and sustainable democracy. The paper concludes by arguing that while elections are an important component of democracy, they are not an end in themselves, but rather one of the many tools that can help facilitate and reinforce a meaningful democracy.

Keywords: substantive democracy, procedural democracy, elections, participation, deliberation,

Pages: 43-54 | Full text (PDF)

HOW CAN THE DEVELOPMENT OF E-GOVERNMENT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION INCREASE? BUILDING AN EXPLANATORY STATISTICAL MODEL

Ionuţ-Andrei PRICOP, Beniamin Petru RUSANU

Abstract: The main premise from which we start in the construction of this article is that, in the contemporary era, the need for digitalization and facilitating access to public services has become an imperative in the vast majority of liberal-democratic states. Digitalization is an inevitable process in the natural course of the contemporary age, considering that its benefits have been more than tangible in the vast majority of cases, and e-Government is precisely a concretization of the benefits of digitalization. However, the development of e-Government is not a simple process, as it requires the presence of several factors, which this article will present, analysing their relevance. Moreover, in this article we will also note the main structural differences at European level in the implementation of e-Government: which countries have reached an advanced level of e-Government development, which countries have serious problems in developing e-Government and, above all, why these differences exist. 

Keywords: e-Government, digitalization, European Union, corruption, education, 

Pages: 55-75 | Full text (PDF)

ACCELERATING GREEN TRANSITION IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE - OVERVIEW OF SOME EU-11 GREEN SPECIFIC STRATEGIES

Boglarka VAJDA, Gabriela DRĂGAN

Abstract: This study examines the state of research on green transition, with a focus on circular economy, and bioeconomy, across eight Central and Eastern European countries (EU-11): the four Visegrad countries plus Slovenia (who joined EU in 2004), and the later entrants Romania, Bulgaria (2007), and Croatia (2013). A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles (2015-2023), along with official documents, forms the basis of analysis. The paper identifies the status of green and circular transition research in EU-11, highlighting key policy interests, including the need for coordinated strategies, cooperation, stakeholder engagement. The study also evaluates the influence of EU accession timing on green transition dynamics and underscores the importance of national efforts in shaping these strategic visions. While circular economy strategies are in place for most countries, dedicated bioeconomy strategies are still lacking, with Visegrad countries and Croatia currently under development.

Keywords: circular economy, bioeconomy, green economy, Central and Eastern Europe,

77-106 | Full text (PDF)

THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT: FACTORS THAT CAN LEAD TO THE EMERGENCE OF IMBALANCES

Cristina Ionela BULAT, Mihaela MIRON


Abstract: Education is an important tool for the transfer of knowledge, relationships, social experiences, and technology from generation to generation that determines the perspective in which nations will exist in the near future. This article aims to identify the factors that can lead to the emergence of imbalances in the educational environment in Romania. In the past 12 years, the educational environment went through changes that had an impact on the entire system. The highest impact of changes had a direct effect on the educational institutions that had to keep up and identify new appropriate ways to ensure the institutions success, through the fulfillment of objectives and compliance with the assumed mission. The change process is determined by numerous factors such as: the evolution of science and technologies, adaptability to professional requirements, constantly changing social, economic, informational requirements, changes in the demographic structure, the multiplication of professions, the democratization of life, and fierce competition. Analysing the literature and the reality of the educational system we have identified the following factors: changes in the leadership of the educational ministry, legislative changes, lack of funding, the curriculum is not adapted to current needs, human resources, and COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: educational environment, Ministry of education, legislation, educational funding, curriculum, human resources, COVID-19  

Pages: 109-127 | Full text (PDF)

TRENDS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE YOUNG HUMAN FACTOR IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION OF THE WORKFORCE  

Marina POPA, Olivia PLĂMĂDEALĂ


Abstract: International migration of the workforce has become a global challenge and is constantly in the spotlight of the world community. Since ancient times, humanity has been on the move. Some people move in search of jobs or economic opportunities, others to join family or to study. Others migrate in response to the negative effects of climate change, natural disasters or environmental factors. Among migration phenomena, an essential role is held by the migration of the young human factor. Today, it is estimated that the number of young people, i.e. people aged between 15 and 24, is around 1.3 billion and account for 15.5 per cent of the global population. (UN, 2020). Migration in general, and that of young people in particular, is one of the current challenges for the developing countries, including the Republic of Moldova. The increasing migration of young people concerns the authorities and civil society, given its effects on the country's human potential and socio-economic development. In this article we aim to study the current trends of the migration process, in particular to address the motivation of young people in Moldova to migrate in order to study abroad.

Keywords: migration patterns, youth mobility, migratory corridors, young people and artificial intelligence,  

Pages: 128-143 | Full text (PDF)

MODERN SLAVERY AND THE EUROPEAN LABOUR MARKET DYNAMICS

Oana-Maria COZMA

Abstract: Many people think of slavery as a matter of the past with little relevance to today's world. But nonetheless, this institution continues to constitute a thriving research field for sociologists, historians, and economists. The present paper examines the issue of modern slavery as related to forced labour and labour exploitation, analyses the labour legislation of the European Union, and gathers several cases of forced labour/ labour exploitation involving Romanian workers. The purpose of the present paper is achieved using content analysis, a qualitative research method. The results suggested that, despite the European Union's extensive labour regulations, it still encounters situations of forced labour/ labour exploitation where basic worker rights and protection are not upheld; the findings highlight the need for greater consideration, further research, and solutions for this issue, together with special concern towards the clear distinctions between forced labour and labour exploitation.

Keywords: modern slavery, forced labour, labour exploitation, European Union labour market, European Union labour legislation, 

Pages: 144-161 | Full text (PDF)

RISK FACTORS FOR A RESILIENT ECONOMIC GROWTH POST COVID-19

Gabriela PRELIPCEAN, Diana Georgiana PIŢU


Abstract: Economic growth, as many other economic phenomenon, has been deeply affected by COVID-19, several effects being still unknown or poor scientifically researched due to the complexity of the epidemiological situation. Resilience, defined as the ability to deal with adversity, withstand shocks and continuously adapt and accelerate as disruptions and crises arise, has become a new fundamental dimension of the current world economy, implicitly for economic growth, and it is threatened by a series of risk factors. Our analytical study projects these factors from the scientific researcher perspective and establishes five directions of investigation. Our purpose is to bring to the forefront the main risks that affect a resilient economic growth and to identify how resilience impacts annual GDP growth. To reach the goals of this research, we opted for a qualitative method using a general-to-private approach. Among the main risk factors identified are inflation, labour market, energy price, investment decisions, external demand.

Keywords: resilience, risk, economic growth, inflation, GDP,  

Pages: 163-179 | Full text (PDF)

ENHANCING EU'S RESILIENCE AGAINST TERRORISM: A LEGAL APPROACH

Raluca-Andreea ȘOLEA

Abstract: The growth in amplitude and frequency of the terrorist phenomenon at both the European and international levels, in the past years, makes terrorism one of the most significant challenges for European Union's security. Given EU's international ambitions of a significant actor in the field of security (European External Action Service, 2016), this paper approaches EU's responses to terrorism, from a legal point of view. Arguing in favour of the legal instruments as the most appropriate tools to counter the terrorist phenomenon, the aim of this research is to analyse if and how Europe can become more resilient against the terrorist threat, by resorting to legal means. Specifically, the paper seeks to explore how the regulation of the crime of terrorism in international law might foster the resilience of the EU in an increasingly challenging international context. Addressing the issue of terrorism is of high importance taking into consideration the current international context, when Europe is facing again a war and the terrorist offences have significantly increased along with the conflict in Ukraine that started in February 2022 (Institute for Economics & Peace, 2022).

Keywords: international criminal law, crime of terrorism, legal means, EU's security, counter-terrorism,

Pages: 181-199 | Full text (PDF)

EUROPEAN'S YOUTH RESILIENCE: FROM UNIVERSITY TO THE LABOR MARKET

Miruna PATRICHE

Abstract: 2022 was declared the European year of Youth and in this context, the role of universities as disseminators of knowledge and creators of the future workforce is very important. This paper seeks to address several questions regarding the correlation between R&D, the existence of qualified work force, the innovation degree, and the adaptability of universities to labour market requirements. While underlying the role of human capital in ensuring regional development, the significance of research and innovation in stimulating the resilience of universities is also emphasized, giving an overview on the Romanian case. In the article, some comparisons between Romania and the rest of the EU member states, related to young generation, are described.

Keywords: European youth, universities, innovation, development, resilience   

Pages: 201-215 | Full text (PDF)

 
 

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ISBN print 978-606-714-823-7 | ISBN on line 978-606-714-824-4  |
EDITURA UNIVERSITĂŢII "ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA" DIN IAŞI

 

 
 

EURINT Centre for European Studies - Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași 2020