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e-ISSN 2393-2384 | | ISSN-L 2392-8867

 

EU AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD: ENHANCING EU ACTORNESS IN THE EASTERN BORDERLANDS

Bogdan-Constantin IBĂNESCU, Cristian INCALȚĂRĂU, Ciprian ALUPULUI & Anatolie CĂRBUNE (editors)

ISBN 978-606-714-619-6 | EDITURA UNIVERSITĂŢII "ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA" DIN IAŞI

Volume 7 | EURINT CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS | October 15-17, 2020

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THE IMPLICATIONS OF EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD POLICY ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Mihai TALMACIU, Irina Teodora MANOLESCU, Stanislav PERCIC


Abstract: The sustainable development of the tourism in the Eastern Partnership countries is closely dependent on solving problems of common interest that can be managed only by promoting bilateral or multilateral cooperation relations. Thus, appropriate policies regarding the following areas can be adopted: integrated management of the borders and of the movement of people (tourists), integrated management of the environment and of the ecosystems, the interconnection of the transport networks, the development and integration of regional tourist markets under the conditions of environmental protection and cultural heritage preservation, the promotion of good practices in terms of sustainability in tourism.
The present study aims to identify and analyse the implications of the initiatives adopted within the European Neighbourhood Policy on the sustainable development of tourism. For this purpose the authors made use of programming documents and reports of the European Commission, as well as statistical reports on tourism development in these countries.

Keywords: eastern partnership, neighbourhood policy, tourism, sustainable development

Pages: 9-26 | Full text (PDF)

SPECIFIC PAYMENTS FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AS PART OF THE WATER AND FOREST MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIA

Costica MIHAI, Simona-Roxana ULMAN, Krisztina-Melinda DOBAY

Abstract: Water and forests play a major role in the functioning of biosphere, their interactions being able to provide an extensive range of vital goods and services for the society, and, thus, significantly contributing to human wellbeing. With the aim of offering a better perspective of the national context, in this paper we analyzed (1) the level of recognition of the connection between forests and water in the policy of Romania, as extent of the EU Water Framework Directive and other EU directives; (2) the link between forests and water and their effects on human wellbeing in the context of Romania in the period between 2006-2016; (3) the description of some initiatives related to the payments for ecosystem services in Romania. Our findings emphasized the important role that forests and investments in terms of their extension are able to play in relation to water.

Keywords: water, forests, payments for ecosystem services, human wellbeing

Pages: 27-49 | Full text (PDF)

EU CITIZENSHIP LAW: INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS

Deyan DIMITROV

Abstract: This article examines the concept of European citizenship, formally introduced by the Treaty of Maastricht. Emphasis is placed on the fact that currently, the EU has no common citizenship policy and citizenship issues are completely fragmented between the national legal systems of the Member States. This study draws attention to the challenges and opportunities posed by this situation for the integration of immigrants and raises the question of nationality in the EU and whether EU citizenship should be distinguished from that of Member States? The study focuses on what it means to be "European" in the era of global mobility and freedom of movement and examines the interconnections between national sovereignty, self-determination and EU citizenship.

Keywords: EU citizenship, immigrants, integration, nationality, third-country nationals

Pages: 50-62 | Full text (PDF)

THE IMPACT OF CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND ROMANIA ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Carmen Valentina RĂDULESCU, Dumitru Alexandru BODISLAV, Florina BRAN, Sorin BURLACU

Abstract: Given the priorities of the economic and social development of the Republic of Moldova in the context of European integration and transatlantic cooperation, the cooperation of the Republic of Moldova within the cross-border programs has priority. The European Union supports cooperation with border countries. Considering the fact, that between Romania and the Republic of Moldova there is a joint Operational Program Romania - Republic of Moldova, and in the period 2014-2020, it financed the operational program which was, addressed to the areas on the border between Romania and the Republic of Moldova and which has an impact on reaching the general neighborhood objective. In this article, we intend to retrospect this evolution and to show the strong and weak parts of this cooperation with priorities for further development.

Keywords: economic development, cross-border program, European integration, neighborhood objective

Pages: 63-79 | Full text (PDF)

RESILIENCE OF THE EU EXPORTS TO UKRAINE UNDER THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Oleksandr SHNYRKOV, Oleksii CHUGAIEV

Abstract: The paper assesses vulnerability of the EU exports to Ukraine to the current COVID-19 pandemic, which became the major challenge for societies and economies. The main current trends affecting the bilateral trade are discussed. A regression analysis is used to estimate the effects of demand and supply shocks, and changes in price competitiveness. The EU exports of fuels and road vehicles are the most sensitive to changes in the Ukraine's GDP, the exports of chemical products and telecommunication equipment - to devaluation of hryvnia. The most resilient EU exports to Ukraine included medicinal and pharmaceutical products, beverages and tobacco. The changes in consumption patterns under the quarantine measures also favoured stability of food and IT-services exports. The post-factum verification of results with the resent data confirmed most sector-specific effects. On average the EU exports to Ukraine turned out to be more resilient than to other countries.

Keywords: EU-Ukraine relations, bilateral trade, COVID-19 pandemic economic effects, export resilience, devaluation


Pages: 80-100 | Full text (PDF)

UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE A PART OF TRANSNATIONAL ORGANISED CRIME - A KEY FACTOR FOR CREATING A SUCCESSFUL POLICY TO FIGHT AGAINST THIS KIND OF CRIMINALITY

Ancuţa Elena FRANŢ

Abstract: The background for this research is the alarming growth of transnational organised crime in contemporary world. We have found out that, while many studies focus on the meaning of organised crime and criminal activities, little research has been conducted on the analysis of the individuals who actually create the organisations which involve in transnational criminal activities. We consider this to be a flaw in the overall theoretical framework regarding the analysis of transnational organised crime. This is because understanding the reasons why individuals become a part of transnational organised crime may lead to finding potential alternatives for these individuals, so they eventually choose not to act as members of transnational organised crime. This is the reason why we focus this study on finding the reasons why ordinary people commit crimes as a part of organised criminal structures. Also, we aim at finding theoretical solutions for offering these people the possibility to choose other way of life than being a criminal offender. Our research is based on a systematic review of the literature existing on this topic and, also, on a critical analyse of the legislation which, at international and national level, tries to combat the phenomenon of transnational organised crime.

Keywords: transnational organised crime, preventing organised crime, sense of belonging, education, Iceland

Pages: 101-115 | Full text (PDF)

THE EU'S ROLE IN THE FIELD OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT. PAYER OR PLAYER IN ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD AND BEYOND.

George-Mihael MANEA

Abstract: The European Union is a global actor in the development sector, together with the United Nations and the World Bank, trying to fill the gaps of the Millennium Development Goals and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. By being engaged in political dialogues and development activities, the EU can be seen at the same time as a player and/or as a payer. The research goal of this paper is to understand where the EU seats at the table: payer - as Member States, under the EU umbrella, accompany the developing countries on various projects and programmes financed through different instruments and schemes, and player - as an international organisation which works in synergy with the other international partners.

Keywords: EU, development, payer, player, neighbourhood

Pages: 116-131 | Full text (PDF)

THE "CIRCLES OF SUSTAINABILITY" MODEL AS A TOOL IN ASSESSING THE RESILIENCE OF LOCAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIES IN THE BLACK SEA REGION

Mykola POPOV, Ivan KOMAROVSKYI

Abstract: It is proposed to put the concept of local economic development (LED) at the basis of the approach to solving the problem of ensuring resilience development of the territory. However, the insufficient theoretical basis of the concept limits its practical application. To determine the data characterizing the process, it is proposed to use the four domains of "Circles of Sustainability" interaction assessment methodology. The data obtained made it possible to prepare a forecast for the possible potential of the region's territorial resilient.

Keywords: LED, domains of "Circles of Sustainability", resilience development

Pages: 132-153 | Full text (PDF)

ANALYSIS OF INCOME AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE EU COUNTRIES

Daniela Gabriela COZMA, Margareta BOCANCIA


Abstract: For the past three decades there has been an increase in the inequality of the income of different countries, as a consequence of unequal progress. Starting from this issue, the objective of this study is an analysis of the tendency to inequality of income and human development, conducted by grouping the EU member countries in former communist countries and countries that did not have a communist regime between 1945 and 1990. The initial hypothesis is that there are significant disparities in the distribution of income between the former communist countries and non-communist countries during the above-mentioned time range, these states currently being members of the European Union. In our scientific endeavour, we used EUROSTAT and UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) databases, with the analysed period being 2009-2018. To process the data, we used the multivariate hierarchy building technique (dendogram), followed by clustering, considering the GINI and HDI values, based on measuring dissimilarity, to identify the existence of one of the two alternatives (dispersion or uniformity) for the distribution of the values of the two indexes. In the last part of the article we analyse the influence of the European geographical space and HDI on the COVID phenomenon, between 31.03.2020-30.08.2020.

Keywords: GINI index, HDI index, COVID phenomenon

Pages: 154-171 | Full text (PDF)

MEASURING FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: FINANCIAL RATIOS VS. ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED

Mihaela Brindușa TUDOSE, Valentina Diana RUSU, Silvia AVASILCĂI

Abstract: The study presents a model of comparative analysis of financial performance based on two categories of instruments and evaluates the interdependencies between different performance measures. Based on the information gathered from secondary sources, we determined, interpreted and dynamically analysed the following indicators: return on assets, return on equity, degree of global indebtedness, current and quick liquidity and economic added value. The obtained results allowed the shaping of two performance profiles on the basis of which the ranking of the analysed companies was made. In order to identify the interdependencies between the different performance measures, we performed a first regression analysis which indicated that the company's ability to create added economic value depends on achieving high rates of economic profitability. Because in the analysed period there were major variations of the macroeconomic indicators, we performed a second regression analysis which indicated that the economic growth rate positively influences the two rates of return.

Keywords: financial performance, ratios, economic value added, companies

Pages: 172-188 | Full text (PDF)

THE CONTRIBUTION OF COHESION POLICY IN THE "LOWER DANUBE" EUROREGION: THE MAPPING OF THE IMPLEMENTED PROJECTS' OUTPUTS AND THEIR IMPLICATION TO TRANSITION FOR SUSTAINABILITY

Valentina CORNEA

Abstract: Through its programmes, the European Union supports Euroregions so as to help develop joint projects, meant to enforce the economic and social cohesion. Do these programmes of the Cohesion Policy also support the transition processes towards sustainability? This study examines this aspect, by achieving an overall image of the results of the projects implemented in the "Lower Danube" Euro-region. This work uses the method of mapping the results in order to understand the way in which the cohesion policy supports the Euroregions in terms of territorial cohesion and durable development. Therefore, there are roughly analysed the types of results which prevail and their implications in ensuring the sustainability. This method can be adapted for other territorial structures (towns, regions etc) so as to appreciate the transition towards sustainability of the studied territory. The financial support for ensuring the territorial and social cohesion needs to be rethought depending on the potential and social-economical characteristics of the region.

Keywords: cohesion, instruments, projects, outputs, Euroregion, sustainability

Pages: 189-208 | Full text (PDF)

THE ASSESSMENT OF THE TRANSITION EFFECTS TOWARDS A MARKET ECONOMY. THE CASE OF UKRAINE, BELARUS AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Mihaela LUȚAȘ, Dana Elena BAKO, Brindușa-Nicoleta PINCU

Abstract: The `90s have been a very difficult decade especially for the states that have been part of the former Soviet Union for more than half of century. Countries like Ukraine, Belarus or the Republic of Moldova had to face new challenges and realities and to adapt to the market economy, a concept unknown in a communist world. The transition from a state-controlled economy to a liberal and market oriented one was tough in more ways than one. Underlining the most important challenges that these countries had to face in order to be able to compete on the international market, we assess the impact of the regional economic integration structures upon their position on the international economic arena. Using variables such as Gross Domestic Product, Foreign Direct Investments, trade balance structure and the Human Development Index we demonstrate that although it has been more than 30 years since the communism fell, these three states have still a long road ahead of them if they want to be players on a highly competitive market. Through a parallel study of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement and the Eurasian Economic Union we will demonstrate that the advantages of the heavy industry, energy resources or the agricultural products have started to lose ground on a market where digitalization dictates most of the trade agreements and foreign investments.

Keywords: regional economic integration, market economy, transition, trade agreements, trade structure

Pages: 209-234 | Full text (PDF)

MANAGING DIGITAL CHANGE IN EUROPEAN HIGHER EDUCATION

Dumitrița IFTODE

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to reveal the concepts of how digital transformation affects higher education, introduces the peculiarities of managing digital transformation, discusses good practices and emerging challenges. For fulfilling the papers' objectives, the main research questions established are: How do higher education institutions manage digital transformation? Which are the main challenges and solutions for the digital transformation process? The research objective is realized through studying secondary data from previous studies, online sources, and reports. Therefore, the study revealed that the digital change and the tension associated with it are inevitable and facing the challenges through a good strategy and openness seems to be the right way to be followed by the academic environment. Under the pressure of current situation universities must move towards the new requirements and react to the flexibility and inquiries of the external and internal digital and technological changes.

Keywords: digital transformation, higher education, managing digital change, digital strategy

Pages: 235-247 | Full text (PDF)

DIMENSIONS OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION FOR THE BANKING INDUSTRY. EVIDENCE FROM EU COUNTRIES

Nicoleta Gianina BOSTAN

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to have a comparative analysis regarding digital transformation among the countries of European Union, in a regional context, in an attempt to explain the unequal evolution of the digital financial services. The development of digital skills, of the financial one in particular and the digital access to banking will be analysed using economic and social drivers of the trend. The analysis includes data from some Central and Eastern Europe countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia for the period 2002-2019, in order to identify a best practice of digitalization, focused on the financial banking market. Policy makers, public institutions and non-profit organisation involved in financial digital transformation can benefit from this analysis and conclusions just as much as researchers can. The question that arises is whether there is a correlation between the access to digital services, the education level and the use of financial banking services.

Keywords: financial education, digital transformation, digital financial services

Pages: 248-267 | Full text (PDF)

CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MOVEMENT TO THE "BLUE OCEAN" (CHALLENGES FOR UKRAINE)

Mykola MYKOLAICHUK, Nataliia MALYSH

Abstract: The purpose of the study is substantiating the theoretical and methodological aspects for cross-border cooperation between countries on the eastern borders EU with Ukraine, as a tool for moving to the "blue ocean" of market space. For achieving the researches' goal, a methodology, which based on the comparison of the results of the sustainable development conditions of the border areas of neighbouring countries had been using. This approach, according to the authors, will help identify problems in the development of these areas and identify tasks to overcome them. On the example of development forecasting of Ukraine's' regions, the practical approach for the primary levers determining of influence on the factors of change in the conditions of development of border areas had been illustrating. The obtained results and the developed conclusions and proposals will contribute to the provision of adequate public administration for balanced and sustainable territories development.

Keywords: cross-border cooperation; balance of interests; instruments of influence; development strategy; management efficiency

Pages: 268-284 | Full text (PDF)

ASSESSING EUROPEAN UNION'S ACTORNESS IN THE EXTENDED NEIGHBOURHOOD: THE CASE OF CENTRAL ASIA

Ioan-David ONEL


Abstract: The interest of the European Union towards Central Asia grew after 2002. Fuelled by factors such as the region's geostrategic location, energy resources and potential in fostering stability, the EU's political involvement towards it intensified in the past two decades. The paper assesses EU's actorness in the region of Central Asia, by applying the opportunity, presence, capability framework elaborated by J. Vogler and C. Bretherthon (2006). The paper argues that EU's actorness in Central Asia is limited, but it witnessed a positive development since 2002, the EU being one of the most important actors in the region.

Keywords: Central Asia, European Union, actorness, Russia, China

Pages: 285-302 | Full text (PDF)

DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE: EXPERIENCE OF EUROPEAN AND MOSCOW METRO SYSTEMS

Anton DENISENKOV, Natalya DENISENKOVA, Yuliya POLYAKOVA

Abstract: The article is devoted to the consideration of the digital transformation processes of the world's metro systems based on Industry 4.0 technologies. The aim of the study is to determine the social, economic and technological effects of the use of digital technologies on transport on the example of the metro, as well as to find solutions to digitalization problems in modern conditions of limited resources. The authors examined the impact of the key technologies of Industry 4.0 on the business processes of the world's subways. A comparative analysis of the world's metros digital transformations has been carried out, a tree of world's metros digitalization problems has been built, a reference model for the implementation of world's metros digital transformation is proposed. As the results of the study, the authors were able to determine the social, economic and technological effects of metro digitalization.

Keywords: Industry 4.0 technologies, digital transformation, transport, metro

Pages: 303-325 | Full text (PDF)

INSTRUMENTS OF EU EASTERN NEIGHBORHOOD POLICIES APPLIED IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: EFFECTS AND PROBLEMS

Grigore VASILESCU, Cristina MORARI

Abstract: The paper provides theoretical, institutional and legislative analyzes, but also emphasizes the practical dimension of issues related to EU instruments within the Eastern Neighborhood Policies applied in the Republic of Moldova, including the cross-border cooperation and the implementation of various programs and partnership projects with the participation of civil society, etc. This study focuses on literature analysis, on research conducted during the application period of the EU Eastern neighborhood instruments, as well, it is based on the ENACTED Focus Group Research: Testing the efficiency of EU's Neighborhood Instruments, developed by authors, participating experts from the Republic of Moldova. The paper outlines the situation in the area and presents some conclusions and recommendations that may contribute to the increase of efficiency of EU Eastern neighborhood instruments.

Keywords: EU, Eastern neighborhood, regional policy, instruments, efficiency

Pages: 326-342 | Full text (PDF)
 

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EURINT Centre for European Studies - Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași 2020