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e-ISSN 2393-2384 | | ISSN-L 2392-8867

 

THE WORLD IN MOTION: CHALLENGES, TERRITORIAL DYNAMICS AND POLICY RESPONSES


Cristian INCALTARAU, Andra IFTIMIEI, Loredana Maria SIMIONOV, Miruna PATRICHE (editors)

Volume 9 |  2022

 
THE IMPACT OF THE EUROPEAN FUNDING ON THE ROMANIAN SMEs. CASE STUDY ON THE REGIONAL OPERATIONAL PROGRAM 2007-2013

Diana Elena ABALAȘEI, Liviu-George MAHA, Elena-Daniela VIORICĂ


Abstract: Romania's accession to the EU has allowed access to significant financial instruments for economic and social development. Their main role was to boost job creation, economic growth, and investments across Europe, with particular focus on the least developed regions and in sectors with growth potential, and Romania subscribes to this goal with all its regions. One of the most important pillars in economic development is to encourage the growth and development of SME's, which have significant economic and social effects in terms of increasing employment, encouraging innovation and stimulating competitiveness on the European market. During the 2007-2013 budgetary period, one of the main programs including financial support for enterprises was the Regional Operational Programme, through which European funds were allocated for the creation and development of microenterprises in the urban areas. The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of the these funds on the economic performance of the urban Romanian SMEs. It was evaluated how these microenterprises performed once they benefitted from the European funding, and if and to what extent these financing instruments contributed to their growth and development.

Keywords: European Funds, Romania, microenterprise, economic performance,

Pages: 9-30 | Full text (PDF)

EVOLUTION OF FOREIGN TRADE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA WITH THE TWO ECONOMIC UNIONS - RISQUES AND OPPORTUNITIES

Veaceslav BARDAN, Rafael CILOCI, Cornelia CRUCERESCU

Abstract: This paper presented a brief analysis of the evolution of the foreign trade of the Republic of Moldova with the states of the European Union (EU) and with the states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EUEA) for the period 2015-2020. The period selected for analysis was determined by several reasons. Firstly, the ratification of the Association and Free Trade Agreement of the Republic of Moldova with the EU in 2014, which marked the beginning of a new era of economic relations between both parties and manifested itself in an unprecedented boom in trade, on the other hand, the emergence of a new economic and political entity, the EAEU. With the latter, consisting of 5 former Soviet states, the Republic of Moldova has established economic relations since the USSR and then the CIS. Within this organization, the Republic of Moldova has the status of an observer state, which, to a certain extent, would facilitate trade. Last but not least, the paper is an attempt to give a prompt answer on the place of the Republic of Moldova in the family of European nations and in the regional and international economic architecture. The paper presents a brief history of the beginning and evolution of political and economic cooperation with both unions. The article presents and examines statistical data on the main partner states and the main categories of goods exported and imported by both parties, as well as the states with the highest export and import rank in both unions.

Keywords: foreign trade, European Union, Eurasian Economic Union,

Pages: 31-52 | Full text (PDF)

THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY ON FOREIGN TRADE. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Cătălina BRATOSIN-VASILACHE, Liviu-George MAHA

Abstract: Lately, economic diplomacy has been gaining attention in the empirical studies, many of them focusing on the contribution of the diplomatic service and emphasizing the relevance of diplomatic relations in boosting trade. Thus, quantitative research design, mostly based on the gravity model of international trade, is being applied in analyzing the impact of economic diplomacy on international trade or foreign direct investments. This paper aims to present a comprehensive perspective of the empirical studies that consider economic diplomacy as one of the determinants of foreign trade in the European countries. The findings of this paper suggest that economic diplomacy, through activities carried by diplomatic representations abroad, such as embassies, consulates and export promotion agencies, has a positive impact on foreign trade.

Keywords: economic diplomacy, foreign trade, exports, gravity model, economic growth,

Pages: 53-67 | Full text (PDF)

BUILD BETTER - ENFORCE SYSTEMS USING POLICIES' EVALUATION

Ileana-Sabina CHIABURU

Abstract: Within the transformations of systems, government procurement could be used as a lever when addressing the challenge of fair access to goods and services in times of crisis as COVID-19. To find adequate solutions and raise the capacity for a quick response in public administration, the European methodological framework stipulates that evaluation must play an important role. The hypothesis is that developing a system of public policy evaluation should be a priority. The main research question is: how does policy evaluation contribute to better planning, results, and future development? To respond to that I investigated using mixed methods like interviews held under the Chatham House rule, questionnaires with closed and open answers, literature and documents review, also open databases of OECD, EU DG Growth, and others. I concluded with a proposal for a design of an evaluation unit, built at a theoretical level, in a contracting authority.

Keywords: crisis, equity, policy evaluation, public procurement, systems,

Pages: 68-91 | Full text (PDF)

INSIGHTS FROM ROMANIA ON DISTANCE LEARNING VIA DIGITAL TOOLS AND PLATFORMS DURING ISOLATION PERIOD

Marilena DONCEAN, Alina SUSLENCO

Abstract: The aim of the study was to analyse the good practices of various educational actors, and based on these, to propose ways to improve the education system, both in times of crisis and in general. The present study also drew on formal data, provided by relevant bodies in the field of education, as well as on the opinions of civil society representatives. The basic pillars of the current research were educational policy documents in force and the experience gained at national and international level in the field of education, in general, and in the evaluating the quality of education, in particular. As the present study was conducted during the pandemic caused by the spread of Covid-19, its main emphasis is on the organisation of remote / online education, allowing to discern certain features compared to traditional, classroom-based education. The approach ranges from the conceptual to the methodological dimensions to explore the experimental field, which includes: information, comparative analyses, inductive and deductive testing of the ideas and interpretations supported by real situations. This study of great topicality and originality can be considered a concrete support for researchers, academics and managers in what is an interesting field of economy.

Keywords: digital tools, pandemic, virtual education, period, learning,


Pages: 92-104 | Full text (PDF)

CHINA'S APPROACH TO THE CONFLICT IN UKRAINE

Carola FREY

Abstract: Ukraine is the terrain for a new geopolitical game and China's position is ambiguous. The article aims to analyse how Beijing places itself in the Ukrainian crisis, considering the BRI, the relations with the European Union and the new Global Security Initiative announced in April. The analysis is based on scientific literature, recent articles and publication, and official documents, both in English and Chinese. The main findings show that China is engaged in a balancing act between Russia and the West, in an apparent neutral stance, that seeks to maximise Chinese gains on the long run.

Keywords: Ukrainian crisis, Global Security Initiative, China's foreign policy, new world order, GSI 

Pages: 105-118 | Full text (PDF)

FEATURES OF THE INTRODUCTION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS OF UKRAINE 

Vіtalii GORDIEIEV, Aurika PASKAR

Abstract: The main purpose of study is a general description of the features of the ICT usage in administrative proceedings and the impact of this process on the efficiency of judicial activity. The work relies on a comparative study of international and national legislation on the possibility and methods of the implementation of ICT in the judiciary. Both theoretical and practical aspects of the process of implementation of ICT in the administration of justice in administrative matters have been investigated. The authors have found that the use of ICT in the judiciary has become an important and necessary element of effective functioning of the judiciary as a whole. The potential risks of the use of ICT in administrative proceedings have been outlined: restriction of access to justice for vulnerable groups, observance of confidentiality of digital information, restriction of procedural rights of participants in the judiciary, imperfection of legislative regulation, etc. e.

Keywords: information and communication technologies, digitalization,  administrative proceedings, public administration, accessibility of justice, efficiency of justice, e-justice 

Pages: 119-133 | Full text (PDF)

GEORGIA-ROMANIA ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND THE NEW REGIONAL CHALLENGES

Lela JAMAGIDZE

Abstract: The goal of the present paper is to analyze key issues in the economic relationship between Georgia and Romania. The analysis covers the dynamics of bilateral flows of goods, services and capital. It highlights the opportunities as well as the shared challenges that exist in the areas of trade and investment, transport and energy cooperation. Geographical proximity as well as a number of similarities in the economic structures and development levels of the two countries help them develop bilateral economic connections.  Statistical analysis of the data on economic and institutional cooperation are used in order to show how Georgia and Romania are represented in the economic initiatives of mutual interest and how the two countries contribute to each other's positioning in the global and regional markets. Considering the current economic and security threats in the region, the study suggests that bilateral, country-to-country dimension of economic integration should be strengthened between the two countries in order to translate regional integration benefits into the real economic gains. .

Keywords: Georgia, Romania, trade, economic cooperation, regional integration

Pages: 134-151 | Full text (PDF)

EUROPEAN UNION FOR PEACE DIALOGUE AND RECONCILIATION IN THE SOUTH CAUCASUS NEW REALITIES FOR "PEACE TALKS"

Mehman MAHARRAMOV


Abstract: 20 years of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has brought economic losses to the counterparts. The data from "International Policy Digest", shows the economic loss of Armenia as 600-700 million $ in export, international and regional projects including "One belt, One Road", and transit capability. Today, the "peace treaty" brought the social, political, cultural, and economic restoration to the South Caucasus. Therefore, the paper serves a comprehensive analysis for the importance of economic trade in the case of Azerbaijan and Armenia as a key to sustain peace and security in the region. "One third of EU member states consider Azerbaijan a strategic partner," insight by Charles Michel, president of the European Council, also assured the role of EU institutions as significant in fostering extensive regional cooperation. The paper aims to prove new realities in the ongoing "peace talks" and the impact on the economic reconciliation and development of the region.

Keywords: South Caucasus, EU, Azerbaijan, Armenia, security 

Pages: 152-166 | Full text (PDF)

DEFINITION AND IMPLICATIONS OF AGGRESSION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW

Carmen MOLDOVAN

Abstract: The military invasion by the Russian Federation in Ukraine does not leave any space for nuances as it is a violation of an essential principle of International Law, namely the prohibition of the use of force. This basic rule is enshrined in Article 2 para 4 of the Charter of the United Nations and it constitutes one of its main objectives, as well. However, the Charter does not provide a definition of the act of aggression, which was given in 1974 by the General Assembly in its Resolution no. 3314 and served as an inspiration source in defining the crime of aggression by the Kampala Amendments to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The aim of this paper is to analyse the elements of aggression as an internationally wrongful act which trigger the international responsibility of a State and to draw distinctions from the elements of the crime of aggression which trigger the individual responsibility.

Keywords: prohibition of the use of force, international responsibility, international jurisdiction 

Pages: 167-181 | Full text (PDF)

THE CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSTITUTION AND TRADE. EVIDENCE FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA - THE EUROPEAN UNION

Ion MUȘCHEI

Abstract: The current paper aims to analyse whether there is a causal relationship between institutions and trade between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union after the signing of the Association Agreement. On the one hand, the existing theory of institutionalism points out that better quality of institutions leads to a significant increase in trade, thus countries with the same level of institutions tend to trade more and also trade might produce institutional change. On the other hand, some scholars emphasise that institutions are hard to change, thus trade liberalisation is ideal and trade will produce institutional change. Based on mixed methods analyses of reports, data and survey this paper concludes that there is no causality between institutions and trade taking into account the relationship between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. Notwithstanding, institutions are important and influence commercial flows. This research is relevant to the extent that the European Union wants to strengthen its strategy towards Eastern countries especially the Republic of Moldova. 

Keywords: institutions, trade, institutionalism, the Republic of Moldova, the European Union

Pages: 182-201 | Full text (PDF)

ROMANIA STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS ON THE PANDEMIC IMPACT AND THE EU ACTORNESS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. CASE STUDY ON THE IAȘI

Ionuț STOICA

Abstract: Early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic surfaced some deficiencies in the functioning mechanisms of the European Union, especially in terms of a concerted response in case of an unforeseen event. The global crisis affected mobility for goods and people putting a sudden and unexpected halt on daily life and temporarily shifted some of the dynamics of the markets thus leading towards some institutional transformations and resilience became the new objective with emphasis on economic recovery. Young people were among the most affected, with education and socialization moving to the internet. Though drivers for innovation and digital transformation, the lockdowns and restrictions left their mark on an important human capital resource thus it became important to study the way young people perceived the changes, with an accent on the way they perceived the EU's involvement in an EU member state. The purpose of this case study was to identify, through a complex questionnaire, the perceptions that students in Iasi, Romania had about the impact of the pandemic, about the degree of information of the subjects regarding the Covid-19 pandemic and about the involvement of the Union European in managing the effects of the pandemic. It was also aimed to identify the degree of acceptance of the respondents regarding the granting of increased powers to the European Union bodies in exceptional situations.

Keywords: pandemic, students, perception, multilevel, actorness

Pages: 202-221 | Full text (PDF)

PROCEDURAL PECULIARITIES OF COURT PROCEEDINGS IN CASES OF ABSENCE AND DEATH DECLARATION

Iryna TATULYCH

Abstract: The article focuses on the procedural peculiarities of court investigations in cases of missing persons and death declarations. The jurisdiction of such cases has been determined. The criteria and the arguments for declaring a person missing or deceased were singled out. The procedural status of the applicant and the person concerned was analyzed. The necessity to expand the range of case participants has been proved. Special attention has been paid to the court claim requirements. The article also examines the problem of object of proof and the process of filing the evidence to court in order to justify the applicant's claim. The paper reveals the issue of court judgements and the proceedings for its renewal. It also reveals the consequences in case such court statements are satisfied. The author examines the academic positions of those scholars who researched such institutes in civil procedure perspective as well as the case law. 

Keywords: special procedure, missing person, death declaration, applicant, person concerned

Pages: 222-237 | Full text (PDF)

THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN TERRITORIAL CHANGES OF THE PAST 30 YEARS

Alexandra TIMOFTE

Abstract: During the last 30 years the borders of the European countries suffered little changes compared to other periods, while the wars moved from a large-scale confrontation, to reduced/regional wars. Nevertheless, we live in a world where the ambition is the eradication of war. Thus, any military conflict is closely analyzed, starting from the causes to effects, actors involved and possible resolutions. In many cases, the resolutions of recent conflicts/wars are still unforeseeable. The perpetuation of wars (frozen conflicts or protracted wars) brought into attention the necessity of a multinational, objective involvement. Thus, one of the solutions, feature of the present times, is the involvement of international bodies, regardless if we are speaking about regional or global structures. In this environment, international organizations seem to play an important and relevant role. The aim of the research is to analyze and evaluate the impact and the role played by the international organizations in some of the most significant international disputes of present times in Europe, as well as their capacity to influence the outcome of the conflict depending on the means they possess and the actions they are entitled to take.

Keywords: international organizations, NATO, UN, OSCE, territorial change

Pages: 238-254 | Full text (PDF)

THE MAIN INDICATORS OF THE ECONOMY DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF NEW APPROACH TO SUSTAINABILITY

Inese TRUSINA, Elita JERMOLAJEVA

Abstract: The paper focuses on key questions to the contemporary challenges call for a shift from the current linear economic model to models that will see nature as a life support system for social prosperity within the ecological economy paradigm and digital transformation. The aim of the article is to present the model of open non-equilibrium socio-economic complex system and its sustainability conditions formalization in terms of an invariant coordinate system. As well as to present the results of a formalization of sustainable development monitoring using the energy flows changing analysis approach, and the impact of condition of digital transformation. The authors carried out an assessment of sustainable development and analyzed indicators of sustainable development and the level of digital and their correlation. When calculating the parameters, Eurostat data and UN databases were used. The authors presented the results and initial interpretation of the follow countries France, Sweden, USA, China, Russia. The paper reinterprets the significance of the digital transformation concept and further elaboration of the power approach for monitoring the socio-economic system development.

Keywords: sustainability, energy flows, power, techno-economical paradigm, digital transformation

Pages: 255-278 | Full text (PDF)

INSTITUTIONAL REFORM OF THE EU COUNCIL PRESIDENCY IN TIMES OF CRISIS - PROSPECTS BROUGHT ON BY THE CONFERENCE ON THE FUTURE OF EUROPE

Ana-Cristina TUDOR

Abstract: The focus of this research is on the role of the EU Council Presidency - beginning with the founding of the European Coal and Steel Community and continuing with its subsequent evolution and changes, brought on in particular by the Lisbon Treaty, all the way to the possible developments that the Conference on the Future of Europe may bring to bear. The purpose of this paper is to examine how various large-scale crises (Brexit, the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing military aggression by Russia against Ukraine) might have affected the process of treaty reform after the Lisbon Treaty entered into force, including those related to the structure and functioning of EU institutions, with a special focus on the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. In this endeavour, the paper relies on document analysis from official sources of those member states that held EU Council presidencies and on official documents issued by the other EU institutions.

Keywords: Council of the EU, crisis, institutional reform, Lisbon Treaty, Conference on the Future of Europe 

Pages: 279-295 | Full text (PDF)
 
 

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ISBN 978-606-714-748-3 | ISBN online: 978-606-714-791-9  |

EDITURA UNIVERSITĂŢII "ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA" DIN IAŞI

 
 

EURINT Centre for European Studies - Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași 2020